Client Consultation and Planning
Client Consultation and Planning encompasses a wide range of professional services, typically ahead of a defined project - from professional opinions to sketches to budget estimates. Master Planning and scheduling are also a big part of the Architect's Consultation and Planning Servcies.
Client Consultation and Planning are usually performed as hourly services until a Project Scope of Work is more defined.
Architect's fees are generally hourly, percentage of construction cost or fixed fee amounts.
Basic Architectural Services are provided as follows: Schematic Design Phase, Design Development Phase, Construction Documents Phase, Bidding Phase and Construction Administration Phase.
Let's take a closer look at each of the Five Phases of the Architect's Basic Services.
Schematic Design and Design Development
Schematic Design is where a building design is born. Programming is done to determine wants and needs and then spaces are considered and arranged during a series of sketches and diagrams. Relationships are determined and defined. The building site and surroundings are also considered. The early design is presented to the Owner for review and input.
The Design Development Phase is where a building design starts to take shape. The spatial relationships developed in the SD Phase are further developed into a preliminary site plan, floor plans, elevations and details that allow the design to be evaluated.
Cost estimates and schedules are further evaluated and adjusted. Materials, shapes, colors and textures are considered. Details are developed and refined throughout the process. The design is presented to the Owner for input and approval.
Schematic Design and Design Development typically constitute 15% and 20%, respectively, of an Architect's Services in a typical project delivery. They are normally billed as a percentage of construction cost or fixed fee amount.
The Construction Documents Phase typically consists of the production of a set of drawings and a project manual used in bidding and building the project.
The drawing set generally consist of Civil, Structural, Architectural, Mechaical, Electrical and Fire Protection plans, elevations and details.
The project manual contains bidding instructions and specifications which define the quality of products and workmanship.
The Construction Documents Phase typically constitutes 40% of an Architect's Services in a typical project delivery. They are normally billed as a percentage of construction cost or fixed fee amount.
Bidding and Construction Administration
The Bidding Phase includes document distribution and assisting the Owner in conducting a legal bidding process.
The Bidding Phase typically constitutes 5% of the Architect's Basic Services and is generally billed as a percentage of construction cost or fixed fee amount.
During the Construction Administration Phase, the Architect visits the site and attends progress meetings to oversee the construction on behalf of the Owner. Progress, workmanship and materials are confirmed. Regular reports are made to the Owner.
Additionally, contractor payment documents are evaluated and certified. At the conclusion of the project, the work is inspected and any necessary corrections are made. Operations, Maintenance and Warranty documents are delivered to the Owner.
The Construction Administration Phase typically constitutes the final 20% of the Architect's Basic Services and is generally billed as a percentage of construction cost or fixed fee amount.